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Different Types of Mosquitoes
Different types of mosquito bites have different risks associated with them. Certain types of mosquito bites will only lead to a slight itch while others can leave you fighting for your life. In this article, you will learn about the types of mosquito bites, the different species of mosquitoes, and the answer to the question, “How many mosquitoes are in the world?”
Types of Mosquito Bites
Mosquito bites appear as raised, red bumps a few minutes after a bite. Though annoying and itchy, mosquito bites will typically clear up after a few days with no long-term damage.
In some people, a mosquito bite could be more severe. A large, swollen area, a low-grade fever, hives, and swollen lymph nodes can occur. These more severe symptoms mostly occur in small children, people with immune disorders, and people bitten by a different species of Mosquito than they had been exposed to before.
Another risk associated with all types of mosquito bites is infection. Too much scratching will create tears in the skin where germs can infiltrate and cause an infection. Another risk is the spread of disease. Most types of mosquitoes carry one disease or another. A mosquito will pick up the virus or parasite when they bite an infected animal. When they bite their next target, they spread the disease and the cycle continues.
Why Mosquitoes Bite
The main reason mosquitoes bite has to do with reproduction. Only female mosquitoes suck blood. Male mosquitoes are content eating nectar while female mosquitoes require the protein present in the blood to produce eggs.
When a female mosquito bites you and sucks your blood, they also inject a little bit of its saliva into your bloodstream. This causes an immune system reaction which results in the red bump and itchiness.
Different types of mosquitoes are attracted to different things and not all prefer to feed on humans. Initially, it is the carbon dioxide you exhale and the body heat that draws mosquitoes to you. Once they get close, factors such as blood type will make you marginally more enticing to mosquitoes. Blood type O, pregnancy, and drinking beer are said to make mosquitoes slightly more attracted to you. It is important to note that the research covering this phenomenon only used one of the many different species of mosquito. Other mosquito species might have different types of mosquito bite habits.
Culex Pipiens mosquitoes
The Culex Pipiens mosquito, also known as the common house mosquito, is nocturnal. It most commonly bites at night and rests in vegetation and structures during the day.
Culex species are known to spread the West Nile virus, Encephalitis, filarial worms, and other diseases across a wide variety of species, including humans through their type of mosquito bite. These mosquitoes can almost be found everywhere. The only place you will not see these mosquitoes is in the most northern region of the world.
The Aedes Vexans, otherwise known as the inland Floodwater mosquito, is the most common mosquito in most of the United States. It is also common throughout the rest of the world where it has been identified on every continent except South America and Antarctica.
Funny enough, the name Vexans comes from the Latin word meaning to vex or annoy. It is a fitting name for such a pervasive nuisance.
The Aedes Vexans mosquito sports white bands on the base of each segment of the leg and abdomen coving its black scaled body. When viewed sideways, they have a bit of a B look because of the way their body indents in the middle.
Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes
This mosquito, commonly known as the yellow fever mosquito, uses humans as its primary blood source. Though their common name implies that they carry yellow fever, yellow fever is not the only disease they carry. Dengue, Zika, and Chikungunya virus are among the other diseases these mosquitoes are known to carry.
Aedes Aegypti is found in 23 states including the southeastern United States, up the east coast to New York, and parts of the Midwest including Indiana and Illinois. They are commonly found indoors and bite during the daytime.
Aedes Albopictus mosquitoes
This mosquito, commonly known as the Asian Tiger or Forest Mosquito, looks similar to Aedes Aegepti mosquitoes. Though it originated in Asia, this species of mosquito can now be found in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and Islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
The tiger part comes from the mosquito’s distinct white strip that runs from the mosquito’s head down its back. This daytime biter is known to transmit diseases like the Zika virus, West Nile Virus, Chikungunya, and dengue fever.
Unlike the Aedes Aegypti, Aedes Albopictus can survive in colder climates. Because Aedes Albopictus and Aedes Aegypti compete for the same resources, Aedes Aegypti has seen a decrease in population.
Anopheles Gambiae mosquitoes
This mosquito, commonly known as the African Malaria Mosquito is known for spreading malaria. They are found throughout tropical Africa and are the major vectors for the malaria virus. They mostly bite at night so the use of mosquito bed nets is important in Anopheles Gambaiae-infested areas.
The Anopheles Gambiae mosquitoes tout long palps, appendages near its mouth, which are almost as long as their proboscis, its feeding tube. They have a unique resting position where their abdomen is raised in the air and varies in color from light brown to grey with pale, yellow spots.
How Many Mosquitoes Are in the World?
While the different species described above are some of the most common types of mosquitoes in the world, there are many more species and an exponentially larger number of individual insects. So, how many mosquitoes are in the world? How many types of mosquito bites from these different types carry disease?
There are more than three million species of mosquitoes found across the globe and over 110 trillion individual mosquitoes found in the world. So the simple answer to the question, “How many mosquitoes are in the world?” is that there are a lot of mosquitoes in the world.
Though there are so many, only three different species are primarily responsible for the spread of diseases in humans. Anopheles, Culex, and Aedes mosquitoes leave the types of mosquito bites that are most likely to result in disease.
Now that you know the risk that different types of mosquito bites carry, you should begin the fight against them. While simple things like a bug spray with DEET and removing standing water can help keep most types of mosquitoes away, the only surefire way to get rid of mosquitoes is through an exterminator.
Skeeter Beater is the best mosquito control specialist in the Chicagoland and Southern Wisconsin area. Our experts can help you take your yard back from these pests.